Cataracts made simple for medical students

Dr. khaled al Zubi lecture Dr. Fawaz alsarayreh lecture INTRODUCTION Cataract surgery is the most commonly performed procedure in the United States with an estimated 2.79 million cataract extractions in 2005 (ASCRS 2006). In 2004, 1.8 million Medicare beneficiaries underwent this procedure (AAO 2006). This is not surprising, as the likelihood of having…… Continue reading Cataracts made simple for medical students


Conjunctival Anatomy ■ The conjunctival epithelium includes goblet cells that produce the mucous layer of the tear film. ■ The conjunctival stroma comprises a superfi cial adenoid layer and a deep fi brous layer. The former contains lymphoid tissue that results in follicle formation with appropriate stimuli (it is undeveloped in infants who cannot develop a follicular…… Continue reading EXTERNAL EYE DISEASE (Conjunctiva)

contact lenses

Contact lenses often provide better visual acuity and peripheral vision than do eyeglasses and can be prescribed to correct the following: Myopia Hyperopia Astigmatism Anisometropia Aniseikonia (a difference in image size) Aphakia (absence of the lens) after cataract removal Keratoconus (a cone-shaped cornea) Either soft or rigid lenses are used to correct myopia and hyperopia. Toric…… Continue reading contact lenses

comprehensive eye examination

The eye can be examined with routine equipment, including a standard ophthalmoscope; thorough examination requires special equipment and evaluation by an ophthalmologist. History History includes location, speed of onset, and duration of current symptoms and history of previous ocular symptoms. The presence and nature of pain, discharge, or redness; and changes in visual acuity. Worrisome…… Continue reading comprehensive eye examination

Why did I choose ophthalmology as a future career?


This is a trues story of how I got into medicine and ended up in ophthalmology. The story is intended to guide students that are trying to choose their future career. It will be a good idea to think twice before deciding on picking a specialty after graduation.
Khalil AL-Salem M.D FRCS FICO