For medical students.

 

  • OSCE-1 CASES for the Exam - Examination 1
  • Neuro-ophthalmology 1 - Neuro-opthalmology 1
  • Orbit lecture - This is a power point presentation. it has 2 parts, please download them on a computer or a microsoft supporting cell phone. it will work beautifully. enjoy!
  • Strabismus made easy (comitant squint) - A fifth year medical student lecture, making strabismus (squint) easy to digest. Written by Khalil Al-Salem M.D, FRCS, FICO
  • Keratoconus - please check the lecture all details are important.
  • Cornea - The normal cornea  The air–tear interface is the most powerful refracting interface of the eye. The cornea is aspheric, with the central cornea steeper than the periphery. The refractive power of the optical zone (central 4 mm) is ≈43 D. The average …
  • Leukocoria - Leucocoria is a white pupil. It is a serious sign that requires urgent referral and assessment. The more common causes include: ( very important in the exam) ■ Infantile cataract. ■ Retinoblastoma. 1- Retinoblastoma The most common malignant intraocular tumour in …
  • Retina vascular disease 3 - a short course on central retinal artery occlusion and branch retinal artery occlusion
  • retinal vascular disease (part 2) - a brief course on Central retinal vein occlusion and central retinal artery occlusion K.S
  • The Retina diabetic macular diease ( retina part 1) - basics in Retina and Retinal vascular disease, what needs to be learned for fifth year medical students.
  • CATARACT SURGERY - Preoperative Assessment Cataract is the most common cause of treatable blindness worldwide. Most cataracts are age-related. An estimated  30% of those aged over 65 have visually significant (<6/12) cataract and 70% of those over 85 years. Whilst age is the predominant …
  • EXTERNAL EYE DISEASE (Conjunctiva) - Conjunctival Anatomy ■ The conjunctival epithelium includes goblet cells that produce the mucous layer of the tear film. ■ The conjunctival stroma comprises a superfi cial adenoid layer and a deep fi brous layer. The former contains lymphoid tissue that results in follicle formation with appropriate stimuli (it is undeveloped in infants who cannot develop a follicular response). The tarsal conjunctiva is firmly anchored to the tarsus, resulting in papillae when there is conjunctival infiltration, whereas the bulbar conjunctiva is only loosely attached to the globe and papillae are not seen except at the limbus. ■ Lymphatics drain to the submandibular and preauricular …
  • contact lenses - Contact lenses often provide better visual acuity and peripheral vision than do eyeglasses and can be prescribed to correct the following: Myopia Hyperopia Astigmatism Anisometropia Aniseikonia (a difference in image size) Aphakia (absence of the lens) after cataract removal Keratoconus (a …
  • comprehensive eye examination - The eye can be examined with routine equipment, including a standard ophthalmoscope; thorough examination requires special equipment and evaluation by an ophthalmologist. History History includes location, speed of onset, and duration of current symptoms and history of previous ocular symptoms; …
  • principles of refractive errors - refractive error lecture for mutah university.
  • Dry eyes - Dry eye disease, etiology, differential diagnosis and treatment.
  • Neoplastic Lid Lesions - eyelid cancers and malignancies. By Khalil AL-Salem M.D
  • Benign Lesions of the eyelid - Quick diagnosis of eyelid lesions.
  • Facial nerve palsy - lecture for facial nerve palsy diagnosis and management.
  • Ptosis (droopy lid) - Ptosis describes a low position of the upper lid on the globe. It is not a diagnosis. Children with ptosis are at risk of amblyopia if the eyelid covers any part of the pupil, and may require urgent brow suspension. Causes: …
  • Eyelid disease - the lecture is intended to show the definition and difference between entropion and ectropion
  • The Eyelid anatomy and Examination - Have better of knowledge of the eyelid examination. and what is normal.
  • Why did I choose ophthalmology as a future career? - This is a trues story of how I got into medicine and ended up in ophthalmology. The story is intended to guide students that are trying to choose their future career. It will be a good idea to think twice before deciding on picking a specialty after graduation. Khalil AL-Salem M.D FRCS FICO
  • Can Sauna Sweats Lower Your Blood Pressure? - By Khalil Al-Salem M.D FRCS, FICO Edited by Mahmoud Al-Salem M.D FRCophth Knowledge and Health Saturday, Oct. 14, 2017 (Al-Salem Eye CLinic) — Frequent sauna bathers might be boosting their heart health as they sweat, new research suggests. Studying more than 1,600 …
  • Plexr, Eyelid soft surgery. - Written by: Khalil Al-Salem M.D FRCS, FICO  Reviewed by: Mahmoud Al-Salem M.D FRCOphth “The amazing alternative to surgery!” Now launched at Al-Salem eye Clinic,  PLEXR is a revolutionary and patented innovation, opening a new and exciting frontier in the fields …